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What Are the Symptoms of Gastritis?

What Is the Treatment for Gastritis?

What Is the Prognosis for Gastritis?

Gastritisis aninflammation, irritation, or erosion of the lining of thestomach. It can occur suddenly (acute) or gradually (chronic).

Gastritis can be caused by irritation due to excessive alcohol use, chronicvomiting, stress, or the use of certainmedicationssuch asaspirinor other anti-inflammatory drugs. It may also be caused by any of the following:

A bacteria that lives in the mucous lining of thestomach; without treatment, the infection can lead toulcers, and in some people,stomach cancer.

A backflow of bile into the stomach from the bile tract (that connects to theliverandgallbladder)

If gastritis is left untreated, it can lead to a severe loss ofbloodand may increase the risk of developing stomach cancer.

Symptoms of gastritis vary among individuals, and in many people there are no symptoms. However, the most common symptoms include:

To diagnose gastritis, your doctor will review your personal and family medical history, perform a thorough physical evaluation, and may recommend any of the following tests:

Anendoscope, a thin tube containing a tiny camera, is inserted through yourmouthand down into your stomach to look at the stomach lining. The doctor will check forinflammationand may perform abiopsy, a procedure in which a tiny sample of tissue is removed and then sent to a laboratory for analysis.

The doctor may perform various blood tests, such as checking your red blood cell count to determine whether you haveanemia, which means that you do not have enough red blood cells. They can also screen for

infection andpernicious anemiawith blood tests.

Fecal occult blood test (stool test).

This test checks for the presence of blood in your stool, a possible sign of gastritis.

What Is the Treatment for Gastritis?

Treatment for gastritis usually involves:

Taking antacids and other drugs (such as proton pump inhibitors or H-2 blockers) to reduce stomach acid

infection, your doctor will prescribe a regimen of severalantibioticsplus an acid blocking drug (used forheartburn)

If the gastritis is caused bypernicious anemia, B12 vitamin shots will be given.

Eliminating irritating foods from your diet such as lactose from dairy orglutenfrom wheat

Once the underlying problem disappears, the gastritis usually does, too.

You should talk to your doctor before stopping any medicine or starting any gastritis treatment on your own.

Most people with gastritis improve quickly once treatment has begun.

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