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Jackfruit Nutrition Health Benefs How to Prepare

JackfruitNutritionHealthBenefitsHowtoPrepare

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Medically Reviewed byKathleen M. Zelman, MPH, RD, LD

The largest tree fruit in the world, jackfruit — sometimes called jak fruit or jak — can be up to 3 feet long and 20 inches wide. Just one fruit can weigh as much as 110 pounds. But youre not alone if you havent heard of it.

While jackfruit first appeared in the rain forests of India, farmers now grow it in many parts of the world, including Thailand, Australia, Africa, Brazil, and the Philippines. Only in recent years has jackfruit started to become well known in the U.S.

The rind of a jackfruit is green or yellow and spikey. Although it gives off a smell of rotting onions when its ripe and ready to eat, the pulp inside smells and tastes far better: like a cross between pineapple and bananas. You can eat the seeds, too. And a jackfruit has plenty of them — up to 500. Each can reach an inch and a half in length.

There are two main types of jackfruit. One is small and mushy. It tastes sweet, but its slimy. The other type of jackfruit has crisp, crunchy flesh thats not as sweet.

One cup of sliced raw jackfruit has:

Jackfruit may be higher in somevitaminsandmineralsthan apples, apricots, bananas, andavocados. For example, its rich invitamin Cand one of the few fruits thats high in B vitamins.

Jackfruit also contains folate,niacin, riboflavin,potassium, andmagnesium.

Carotenoids, the pigments that give jackfruit its yellow color, are high invitamin A. Like allantioxidants, carotenoids protect cells from damage and help your body work right. They may help prevent diseases likecancerandheart disease, as well aseye problemslikecataractsandmacular degeneration.

As a jackfruit ripens, its carotenoid levels may go up.

Jackfruit also contains many other antioxidants that can help delay or prevent cell damage in your body. While the inside flesh is high in these disease-fighting compounds, the seeds may contain even more.

The nutrients in jackfruit may help lower your risk for some health issues, including:

Constipation.Jackfruit is a good source of fiber, so it could help you feel fuller for longer and help keep yourbowel movementsregular.

Ulcers.The natural chemicals in jackfruit may help prevent these sores from forming inside yourstomach.

Diabetes.Your body digests and absorbs jackfruit more slowly than some other foods. That means yourblood sugarwont rise as quickly as it might when you eat other fruits. One study found that jackfruit extract made it easier for people with diabetes to control their blood sugar.

High blood pressure.The potassium in this tropical fruit could help lower yourblood pressure, which can help stave off heart disease,stroke, andboneloss.

Skin problems.The high amounts of vitamin C in jackfruit may help protect yourskinfromsun damage. You need plenty of that nutrient to keep your skin firm and strong.

Cancer.Phytonutrients, like those found in jackfruit, are natural compounds that might have cancer-fighting benefits, such as preventing cancer cells from forming in your body.

While a jackfruitallergyis rare, youre at higher risk if you have a birchpollen allergy. This means that you have an itchymouthor swollen lips when you eat other foods in this group such as apples, almonds, carrots, celery, cherries, and hazelnuts.

Jackfruit isnt easy to peel because of its sticky sap. To keep it from gumming up your knife and hands, rub them with cooking oil before you slice open your fruit. Once you do, it will take time to separate the fleshy bulbs you can eat from tough strips of membrane, which you cant. Youll then have to remove the seeds from each bulb.

You may prefer to eat jackfruit before its fully ripe and the rind starts to smell like spoiled onions. If you cut it into chunks and boil them in salted water until theyre tender, you can easily slice the meaty flesh from the rind. You can roast or boil the seeds like chestnuts.

If you dont want to prepare your own jackfruit, look for canned or ready-to-eat jackfruit at the store. You can find it seasoned with a savory BBQ or teriyaki sauce. Some people use these as a meat substitute. You can also get it preserved in a sweet, heavy syrup like other canned fruits.

Heres a recipe forjackfruit barbecue sandwiches.

Once a jackfruits ripe, it will turn brown and go bad quickly. To keep yours fresh, store it in the refrigerator. When kept cool and dry, a ripe jackfruit can last up to 6 weeks.

U.S. Department of Agriculture: National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Legacy Database: Raw Jackfruit, Food Composition Database: Jackfruit Seed.

International Journal of Food Science: Nutritional and Health Benefits of Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.): A Review.

Food Research International: Exotic Fruits as Therapeutic Complements for Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome.

Plant Foods for Human Nutrition: Carotenoid composition of jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus), determined by HPLC-PDA-MS/MS.

Ceylon Medical Journal: Nutritional assessment of a jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus) meal.

Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety: Jackfruit and Its Many Functional Components as Related to Human Health: A Review.

Pharmacognosy Review:Artocarpus heterophyllus(Jackfruit): An overview.

International Journal of Food Science: Nutritional and Health Benefits of Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllusLam.): A Review.

American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology: Oral Allergy Syndrome.

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